Biosecurity is defined as the protection of the economy, environment, and health of living things from pests, diseases, and bioterrorism. With the constant growth of the world marketplace biosecurity practices on every level from small family farms to large scale livestock and poultry producers are imperative to guarding against the spread of disease.
The food animal industry is of major impact to the United States economy at every level. Animals imported into the country are subject to extensive biosecurity regulations. Career opportunities for veterinary science professionals that specialize in biosecurity and biochemistry will continue to increase as the world marketplace grows.
Primary biosecurity practices include basic cleanliness like washing boots, clothing, and instruments, to monitoring livestock for any symptoms of disease and reporting all reportable diseases to State and Federal regulation agencies. Some diseases are endemic (already present) in some parts of the country and not in others as well as in some species, but not yet in others. Some diseases are present only in animals and cannot be spread to humans (zoonsis) while others pose a threat to humans. Veterinary science professionals can make the kind of determination livestock owners need in order to decide whether or not they have a reportable condition. It is very important for livestock owners and producers to be aware of the signs of specific diseases such as Avian Influenza and Ebola.
Biosecurity positions will be available at all levels of animal production services. Small farms, large livestock production facilities, federal transit authorities, and stockyard and feedlot industries will have important regulatory practices that must be administered by veterinary science professionals.
Dr. Elizabeth White
Veterinary Science Information Technologies
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